Səfəvîlər Dövləti / Safevî Devleti

The Safavi dynasty ruled Iran from 1501 to 1722 and experiencing a brief restoration from 1729 to 1736. It was one of the most significant ruling dynasties of Iran, often considered the beginning of modern Iranian history. Despite their demise in 1736, the legacy that they left behind was the revival of Iran as an economic stronghold between East and West, the establishment of an efficient state and bureaucracy based upon “checks and balances”, their architectural innovations and their patronage for fine arts. The Safavi have also left their mark down to the present era by spreading Twelver Islam in Iran, as well as major parts of the Caucasus, Anatolia, and Mesopotamia.

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