Κρητική Πολιτεία (Kritiki Politeia) / كريد دولتى‎ (Girid Devleti) / Girit Devleti

The Cretan State was established in 1898, following the intervention by the Great Powers (Britain, France, Italy, Austria-Hungary, and Russia) on the island of Crete. In 1897, an insurrection in Crete headed by the Ottoman Empire to declare war on Greece, which led Great Britain, France, Italy and Russia to intervene on the grounds that the Ottoman Empire could no longer maintain control. It was the prelude to the island’s final annexation to the Kingdom of Greece, which occurred de facto in 1908 and de jure in 1913.