The Hatay State was a Mediterranean republic that existed between 2 September 1938 and 29 June 1939. The area largely corresponds to the current Turkish province of Hatay. The area was under French rule after the First World War. However, the population consisted largely of Turks and Alawites, who did not want to hear Syria under the mandate. In 1937 the area gained some autonomy within Syria. During riots between Turks and Arabs, the Republic of Hatay was proclaimed on September 2, 1939. This republic was under joint Franco-Turkish military supervision, while the government was under great Turkish influence. It is therefore not surprising that after a referendum in 1939 the Republic joined Turkey and became a province of that country.
During the short period of independence, Hatay State used the Turkish lira as currency.