Alash aýtonomııasy / Ala Millî Özerk Hükûmeti

Alash Autonomy was a Kazakh state that existed between December 13, 1917, and 1918, on, approximately, the territory of the present-day Republic of Kazakhstan. The capital city was “Alash-qala”, the current day Semey. The Alash Autonomy was proclaimed in December 1917 and existed only in name. Kazakhstan was controlled by the anti-communist White Army until the Red Army was able to take over in 1920.

The Alash leaders established Alash Orda, a Kazakh government, which was aligned with the White Army and fought agains the Bolsheviks. The first legislation of the Alash government of June 11–24, 1918 is the following:

“Agreed to invalidate all decrees issued by the Soviet authorities on the territory of the autonomous Alash.”

Bokeikhanov (chairman), Tynyshpaev (member), Gabbasov (member)

In 1919, when the White forces were losing, Alash Autonomous government began negotiations with the Bolsheviks. In 1919–20 the Bolsheviks defeated the White Russian forces in the region and occupied Kazakhstan. On August 26, 1920, the Soviet government established the Kyrgyz Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, which in 1925 changed its name to Kazak Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic and to Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic in 1936.