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Historical States

962 – 1186 Ghaznavid Empire

1037 – 1194 Seljuk Empire
1077 – 1307 Sultanate of Rûm
1077 – 1231 Khwarazmian Empire
1225 – 1680 Chagatai Khanate
1242 – 1502 Golden Horde / Kipchak Khanate
1299 – 1922 Ottoman State
1370 – 1506 Timurid Empire
1375 – 1468 Qara Qoyunlu
1378 – 1501 Aq Qoyunlu
1398 – 1642 Nogai Horde
1428 – 1599 Shaybanid Khanate
1438 – 1552 Kazan Khanate
1441 – 1783 Crimean Khanate
1452 – 1681 Qasim Khanate
1456 – 1847 Kazakh Khanate
1466 – 1502 Great Horde
1466 – 1556 Astrakhan Khanate
1490 – 1598 Siberia Khanate
1500 – 1785 Khanate of Bukhara
1501 – 1736 Safavi State
1511 – 1920 Khanate of Khiva 
1514 – 1705 Yarkant Khanate
1518 – 1687 Qutb Shahi state / Golconda Sultanate
1696 – 1930 Kumul Khanate
1709 – 1876 Khanate of Kokand
1736 – 1796 Afshar State
1785 – 1920 Emirate of Bukhara
1789 – 1925 Qajar State
1913 – 1913 Government of Western Thrace
1917 – 1918 Crimean People’s Republic
1917 – 1918 Idel-Ural State
1917 – 1918 Alash Autonomy
1917 – 1918 Turkestan Autonomy
1918 – 1920 Azerbaijan Democratic Republic
1918 – 1919 Kars Republic
1918 – 1919 Republic of Aras
1920 – 1922 Azerbaijan Socialist Soviet Republic
1920 – 1924 Khorezm People’s Republic
1920 – 1924 Bukhara People’s Republic 
1921 – 1944 People’s Republic of Tannu Tuva
1924 – 1991 Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic
1925 – 1991 Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic
1933 – 1934 Islamic Republic of East Turkestan
1936 – 1991 Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic
1936 – 1991 Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic
1936 – 1991 Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic
1938 – 1939 Hatay State
1944 – 1949 East Turkestan Republic
1945 – 1946 Azerbaijan People’s Government
1974 – 1975 Autonomous Turkish Cyprus Administration
1975 – 1983 Turkish Federated State of Cyprus
1990 – 1994 Gagauz Republic

Current States

Independent States

1923 Republic of Turkey
1983 Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
1991 Republic of Kyrgyzstan
1991 Republic of Uzbekistan
1991 Republic of Azerbaijan
1991 Republic of Turkmenistan
1991 Republic of Kazakhstan

Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation

1991 Altai Republic
1991 Republic of Bashkortostan
1991 Chuvash Republic
1991 Republic of Dagestan
1991 Kabardino-Balkar Republic
1991 Karachay-Cherkess Republic
1991 Republic of Khakassia
1991 Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
1991 Republic of Tatarstan
1991 Tyva Republic
2014 Republic of Crimea

Autonomous Regions

1949 Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region
1991 Republic of Karakalpakstan
1991 Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic
1994 Autonomous Territorial Unit of Gagauzia